Navy strategy in the interwar years.
Hattendorf, John B. Sailors and Scholars: the Centennial History of the U. Naval War College. Lillard, John M. Playing War: Wargaming and U. Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press, Naval Historical Collection. Nofi, Albert A. Navy Fleet Problems, — Sims, Rear Admiral William S. Spector, Ronald. Vlahos, Michael. Neither fleet knows the other is out until contact is made and then does not know what force of the enemy is at sea beyond those in sight.
Required: - 1 A written decision by each member of the BLUE force based on a mental estimate of the situation. Assumptions: - 1. Wind WNW—force 3.
The Battle of Jutland, the Sowing and the Reaping
Sun WSW—low 3. Visibility 30, yards. Sea moderate. No aircraft used with any effect 6.
Submarines in vicinity. In this case, the colors serve as generic indicators of opposing sides. In many games at the War College, scouting was of the utmost importance, and opposing fleets started well out of visual range from each other. It was easily scalable to actual operations and was utilized to great effect by the Navy in strategic and operational planning from World War I on.sumpcompctatun.tk
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Required: - 1 A written decision by each member of the RED force based on a mental estimate of the situation 2 Signals sent by S. The forces will be placed on the maneuver board behind screens at the beginning of the day, for the particular special situation that is to be considered on that day. The RED and BLUE sections of the class will be assembled on opposite sides of the board, and the screens will be opened so that each side sees its own forces but not those of the enemy. When each side has become satisfied with the composition, organization, and position of its own forces, all screens will be removed so that both sides may see the complete situation.
Each member of the class will provide himself with a pad and pencil and with a signal book, and upon removal of the screen will as [standard operating procedure] make a mental estimate of the situation as presented, after which he will write and hand in the following:. He is in immediate command of main body 6 d Diagram showing initial fire distribution of main body. The [D]irector of Maneuver will take time from the moment at which the screens are removed from the board until the requirements of Par.
After the above has been complied with the game will start, with the officers previously designated as commanders. To the above described time interval will be added the time necessary under the tactical rules to get through any [signals]s sent, according to their character; and during the resultant interval each unit of the command will be moved at discretion of unit commanders.
Individual tactical unit commanders will take the initiative as they may deem necessary; the time required to start such movements being according to the tactical rules; this without waiting for instructions from the force commander. After the initial move, the procedure will be as usual except that when a move is called for it must be in the hands of the Director within three minutes, or the force concerned will be required to continue as in the previous move. Red C-in-C with battle fleet S. BLUE reference position signals will be based on the two following messages sent during the Battle of Jutland Red Reference positions will be based on following positions at pm.
Battle Fleet. Geschwader ], 4 BB, speed The organization of umpires will be as give in Serial , Mod. Stirling] He also served as president of the Naval War College from —33, where he played a major role in formulating what eventually because the U. His father, Yates Stirling Sr. Chester W. After the war, he was recalled to active duty and helped Samuel E. While times were taken for the following situations, the situations themselves were really not quick decisions in so much as the situations were from the Battle of Jutland, with which the class were more or less familiar.
The times taken by the two sections are averaged for each of the four situations as tabulated below:. Organization for Tactical Exercises on Maneuver Board.
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Assistant Director—Commander [H. Sees that moves are made in accordance with Fleet Standing Orders, that smoke screens are plotted correctly, shifts screens on board. Prepares history of maneuver. Chief Mover—Colonel [G. All move blanks are turned in to the Chief Mover, who checks up, and distributes move blanks when move is ordered.
All signals are turned in to the Chief Signal Officer, who decides when the signals become effective, and distributes them at the proper time. Torpedo Scorers—Captain [B.
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All torpedo fire blanks are turned in to the torpedo scorers, who plot the track of all torpedoes, decide upon hits, and give notice to Division Commanders of the approach of torpedoes. Plot track of all ships. Col [W. All fire distribution blanks covering the fire of all classes of vessels against capital ships, BB-OBB-CC, are turned in to Colonel Lenihan, who scores gun fire and announces loss of speed and sinking of vessels. Against Other Ships—Cmdr. Scoring gunfire and torpedo hits were matters of considerable mathematical complexity.
Note that, apart from Cmdrs.
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Johnson and R. In the s and s, he served two stints as the commandant of the Marine Corps Schools at Quantico. While there, he changed the curriculum to focus on amphibious warfare doctrine. Submarine Plotter—Colonel [B. This is the first book wholly devoted to assessing the array of links between Scotland and the Caribbean in the later eighteenth century.
It uses a wide range of archival sources to paint a detailed picture of the lives of thousands of Scots who sought fortunes and opportunities, as Burns wrote, 'across th' Atlantic roar'. It outlines the range of their occupations as planters, merchants, slave owners, doctors, overseers and politicians, and shows how Caribbean connections affected Scottish society during the period of 'improvement'. The book highlights the Scots' reinvention of the system of clanship to structure their social relations in the empire and finds that involvement in the Caribbean also bound Scots and English together in a shared Atlantic imperial enterprise and played a key role in the emergence of the British nation and the Atlantic world.
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The War in North Africa, 1940-1943
The text has now been updated for this paperback edition to cover more recent events and developments including the Strategic Defence Review and the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington and the subsequent retaliation on terrorist bases in Afghanistan. From the defeat of the Spanish Armada and the Anglo-Dutch Wars to the Battle of Jutland and the Gulf War, this highly illustrated reference book gives an authoritative and highly readable account of a unique fighting service and its people. Though in recent decades they have experienced ethnic conflict, economic collapse, and interstate rivalry, their common heritage and common interests go deep.
In this lively and entertaining book, which is based on extensive research in multiple languages, Charles King investigates the myriad connections that have made the Black Sea more of a bridge than a boundary, linking religious communities, linguistic groups, empires, and later, nations and states.
In the lead-up to the bicentenary of Trafalgar a number of important new studies have been published about the life of Nelson and his defeat of the Combined Fleet in Despite the significant role played by the health and fitness of the British crews in securing the victory, little has been written hitherto about the naval surgeon in the era of the long war against France. This book is intended to fill the gap.